THE National Government’s (NG) outstanding debt hit a record P14.1 trillion as of end-May, the Bureau of the Treasury (BTr) said on Tuesday.
Preliminary data from the BTr showed outstanding debt inched up by 1.3% from P13.91 trillion at the end of April, “due to the net issuance of domestic and external debt and the depreciation of the local currency against the US dollar.”
Year on year, the debt stock rose by 12.8% from P12.5 trillion in May 2022. It also jumped by 5.1% from the P13.42 trillion as of end-December 2022.
Of the total debt portfolio, more than half or 68% was from domestic lenders, while the rest was from foreign creditors.
As of end-May, domestic debt reached P9.59 trillion, 10.7% higher than the P8.67 trillion a year ago.
Month on month, domestic debt inched up by 1.4% from P9.46 trillion as of end-April.
Domestic borrowings at the end of May consisted almost entirely of debt securities.
Meanwhile, external debt jumped by 17.7% to P4.51 trillion from P3.83 trillion a year ago. It also edged up by 1.2% from P4.45 trillion in April.
Broken down, foreign debt consisted of P2.47 trillion in global bonds and P2.04 trillion in loans.
As of end-May, the NG’s overall guaranteed obligations fell 0.3% to P379.71 billion from P380.69 billion as of end-April.
Year on year, guaranteed debt declined by 5% from P399.716 billion.
“The decline in guaranteed debt was attributed to the net repayment of external guarantees amounting to P6.70 billion and third-currency adjustments amounting to P0.91 billion. These were mostly offset by the net issuance of domestic guarantees amounting to P4.16 and the impact of local currency depreciation relative to the US dollar amounting to P2.47 billion,” the BTr said.
Rizal Commercial Banking Corp. Chief Economist Michael L. Ricafort said the increase in NG debt was likely due to the weaker peso against the US dollar.
According to the Treasury, the peso depreciated by 1.3% against the greenback to P56.241 as of end-May from P55.497 as of end-April.
This increased the peso equivalent of dollar or foreign currency-denominated borrowings, Mr. Ricafort said.
“The latest net borrowings of the National Government may reflect the need to finance the continued budget deficits in recent months,” he added.
As of end-May, the budget deficit narrowed by 28.86% to P326.3 billion from P458.7 billion in the same period a year ago.
This year, the government set its deficit ceiling at P1.499 trillion, equivalent to 6.1% of gross domestic product.
Mr. Ricafort said elevated inflation led to the increase in government expenditures, while high interest rates added to the government’s debt servicing costs.
For the coming months, Mr. Ricafort said outstanding debt may continue to hit record highs as the government plans more bond offerings.
National Treasurer Rosalia V. de Leon earlier said that the government is planning to launch a retail dollar bond offering in the third quarter, with an offer size of around $2 billion.
The Philippines’ last retail dollar bond sale was in 2021, when it raised almost $1.6 billion.
“This is on top of the scheduled issuances of peso-denominated government securities, all of which will help finance the country’s budget deficit for the coming months, though offset by some maturing government securities especially from March-April 2023,” Mr. Ricafort added.
As of end-December, the country’s debt-to-gross domestic product (GDP) ratio stood at 60.9%, improving from the 63.7% ratio as of end-September.
This is lower than the 61.8% target under the medium-term fiscal framework, but still above the 60% threshold considered manageable by multilateral lenders for developing economies.
The government aims to cut the debt-to-GDP ratio to less than 60% by 2025, and further to 51.5% by 2028.
This year, the government’s borrowing plan is set at P2.207 trillion. — Luisa Maria Jacinta C. Jocson